kubernetes中port、target port、node port的对比分析

2018-06-27 1176点热度 0人点赞 0条评论

原文链接

kubernetes中port、target port、node port的对比分析,以及kube-proxy代理

容器网络实例

服务中的3个端口设置

这几个port的概念很容易混淆,比如创建如下service:

apiVersion: v1  
kind: Service  
metadata:  
  labels:  
    name: app1  
  name: app1  
  namespace: default  
spec:  
  type: NodePort  
  ports:  
  - port: 8080  
    targetPort: 8080  
    nodePort: 30062
  selector:  
    name: app1 

port

The port that the service is exposed on the service’s cluster ip (virsual ip). Port is the service port which is accessed by others with cluster ip.

即,这里的port表示:service暴露在cluster ip上的端口,cluster ip:port 是提供给集群内部客户访问service的入口。

nodePort

On top of having a cluster-internal IP, expose the service on a port on each node of the cluster (the same port on each node). You'll be able to contact the service on any:nodePortaddress. So nodePort is alse the service port which can be accessed by the node ip by others with external ip.

首先,nodePort是kubernetes提供给集群外部客户访问service入口的一种方式(另一种方式是LoadBalancer),所以,:nodePort 是提供给集群外部客户访问service的入口。

targetPort

The port on the pod that the service should proxy traffic to.

targetPort很好理解,targetPort是pod上的端口,从port和nodePort上到来的数据最终经过kube-proxy流入到后端pod的targetPort上进入容器。

port、nodePort总结

总的来说,port和nodePort都是service的端口,前者暴露给集群内客户访问服务,后者暴露给集群外客户访问服务。从这两个端口到来的数据都需要经过反向代理kube-proxy流入后端pod的targetPod,从而到达pod上的容器内。

When a client connects to the VIP the iptables rule kicks in, and redirects the packets to the serviceproxy's own port (random port). The service proxy chooses a backend, and starts proxying traffic from the client to the backend. This means that service owers can choose any port they want without risk of collision.The same basic flow executes when traffic comes in through a nodePort or through a LoadBalancer, though in those cases the client IP does get altered.

至于更深层次的原理分析可以至原文查看。

王显锋

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